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Shredded Duck Bao with Kimchi by Greenhouse head chef Farrel Hirsch

This Asian-inspired recipe needs traditional doses of time, love and care in order to cure the duck and hand prepare and steam the bao, or buns, and ferment the kimchi.

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By House And Garden | April 21, 2020 | Recipes

The beautifully tender shredded duck combined with the supremely soft, pillowy dough of the buns and a crunchy bite of Korean-style kimchi will be reward enough for the effort required to prepare this popular dish.

This recipe will make enough buns to serve 6 – 8 guests.

How to prepare the duck:


4kg Duck legs

60g Coarse salt

40g Sugar

Enough sunflower oil to cover the duck legs 


Combine the salt and sugar to make a cure mix, rub this onto the duck and cure for 2 hours. Wash off the cure mix and place the duck legs in a thick-based pot before covering them with oil. The oil should cover the legs entirely. Place on a low heat for 4 hours. The pot does not need to be covered with a lid. Do not stir the pot while the legs are on confit.

Cool down and shred the meat off the bone. 

How to prepare the steamed buns:


2 x Packets yeast

8.5 Cups of “00” flour

12tbs Sugar

6tbs Milk powder

2tbsp Salt

1 tsp Baking powder

2/3 Cup vegetable oil


Combine all the ingredients in a mixer and then knead for 8 – 10 minutes. Allow the dough to prove for 1 hour. Separate into 20g portions. Allow to prove for another 20 minutes. Shape the balls and prove for another 20 minutes. Steam in a steaming oven or steam basket for 8 minutes. Allow to cool on a wire rack before serving.



1kg Turnip, julienned or grated

250g Carrots, julienned or grated

2 Bunches of spring onion, sliced

40g Salt

100g Korean chilli powder (you can buy this at an Asian supermarket)  

50g Water

20g Sesame seeds, pasted

50g Garlic

50g Ginger

50ml Fish sauce


Combine the salt and vegetables and marinate for 4 hours. Mix the chilli, water, sesame seeds and fish sauce into a paste.

Combine the vegetables and chilli paste well. Pack into jars, ensuring there is no air in the jars, and seal. Ferment outside for 4 – 6 days. Refrigerate.

How to assemble the buns:


Kewpie mayonnaise

Shredded spring onions

Sprigs of coriander


Warm up the pre-steamed buns in a steamer for 3 minutes. Once warm, slice open and place the kimchi inside the bun, then add shredded duck, followed by mayonnaise, spring onions and coriander.